Most employees in Louisiana will follow and abide by the rules and policies of their employer. While a vast majority of the practices in the work environment are both normal and legal, some practices are not, and therefore are not enforceable. These policies could lead to a hostile work environment and even unlawful firing of workers.
What are prohibited employment practices? According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission it is illegal to discriminate against an employee and it is also illegal for an employer to retaliate against an employee if they complain or speak out about discrimination in the workplace or any other lawful event.
With regards to discrimination, the law forbids discrimination in every aspect of employment. The most common forms of workplace discrimination includes unfair treatment of an employee or applicant because of their race, age, color, religion, sex, national origin, age and disability. If any practices or policies of an employer result in the discrimination of an employee, the employee may be able to file a claim against an employer.
With regards to unlawful termination of an employee, an employer may not layoff an employee because of a protected characteristic such as age, race, religion or other. In addition, it would be considered unlawful firing if an employer terminated an employee based on the employee filing a claim of workplace discrimination or speaking out about it.
Employees in Louisiana and elsewhere in the nation should understand the rights afforded to employees and how to determine mistreatment and wrongful discharge. Those experiencing workplace discrimination or those believing that they were unlawfully fired should seek guidance about their matter so they can take appropriate action.
Source: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, "Prohibited Employment Policies/Practices," accessed on Jan. 19, 2015